1846 U.S. annexation of California was proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.
1898 The United States annexed Hawaii.
1958 President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Alaska statehood bill.
1981 President Reagan announced he was nominating Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first United States Supreme Court Justice.
1987 Lt. Col. Oliver North began his public testimony at the Iran-Contra hearing, telling Congress that he had "never carried out a single act, not one" without authorization. That authorization was from the administration of Ronald Reagan.
2003 A federal judge approved a settlement fining WorldCom $750 million for its $11 billion accounting scandal.
2005 terrorist bombings in three Underground stations and a double-decker bus killed 52 victims and four suicide bombers in the worst attack on London since World War II.
and July 7th is the birthdate of one of my favorite authors, Robert Heinlein