|Fulton's first steamboat|
1807 Robert Fulton's first American steamboat leaves New York City for Albany, New York on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the world, a kind of paddle boat, . In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte had commissioned him to design the Nautilus, the first submarine, named for the French author Jules Verne's science-fictional submarine. Not an unrelated interest, as the early steamboats had a tendency to sink easily. Fulton's first steamship, a paddle boat patterned on one he had seen in France created by another inventor, operated on the Seine, before Fulton returned to America to make the innovations which made steamboat river travel a commercial success. Fulton married the daughter of his partner, Robert Livingston, U. S. Ambassador to France, whom he met while he was in France.
|Fort Sumter, interior view, |
in 1864, taken by a
1863 American Civil War: In Charleston, South Carolina, Union batteries and ships bombard Confederate-held Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter fired the shots which began the military conflict of the Civil War.
1907 Pike Place Market, the longest continuously-running public farmers market in the US, opened in Seattle.
|image from Fantasmagorie|
1908 Fantasmagorie, the first animated cartoon, realized by Émile Cohl, is shown in Paris.
1915 Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched for the alleged murder of a 13-year-old girl in Marietta, Georgia.
1943 First Québec Conference of Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King begins.
1947 The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed.
1950 Birth of Norm Coleman, former Senator from Minnesota, and controversial opponent to Senator Al Franken who defeated him in the 2008 election. Challenges to the election results concluded in the State Supreme Court after a protracted period of litigation.
1953 Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.
1959 Quake Lake is formed by the magnitude 7.5 1959 Yellowstone earthquake near Hebgen Lake in Montana.
|Peter Fechter, 1962|
1962 East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin becoming one of the first victims of the wall. The Berlin Wall became a flash point for the Cold War conflicts.
1982 The first Compact Discs (CDs) are released to the public in Germany.
|George Gershwin, left;|
Ira Gershwin, right
1983 Death of Ira Gershwin, American lyricist, born Israel Gershovitz in 1896, brother and musical collaborator with George Gershwin.
|Hess in 1930|
1987 Rudolf Hess, the last member of Adolf Hitler's inner circle, died at Spandau prison in West Berlin at age 93, having apparently committed suicide by strangling himself with an electrical cord. He had been the only inmate at Spandau for 21 years.
1988 Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and U.S. Ambassador Arnold Raphel are killed in a plane crash.
1998 Monica Lewinsky scandal: US President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony that he had an "improper physical relationship" with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. On the same day he admits before the nation that he "misled people" about his relationship.
2005 Israeli security forces began the forcible removal of Jews from four settlements in the Gaza Strip.
Over 500 bombs are set off by terrorists at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh
2009 The Magna Carta for Women enters into force, allowing further protection for the women in the Philippines.