Better late than never (I hope); apologies. Today's 'in history' segment was delayed by unavoidable technical difficulties. The next installment will be up soon, and then we should remain current with the calendar. Thank you, readers, for your patience.
|Sioux with tipis|
1862 Minnesota trader Andrew Myrick was killed and has his mouth stuffed with grass after refusing to allow the distribution of food to Sioux Indians at the Lower Sioux Agency as an agent for the Bureau of Indian Affairs. There was extensive hunger and food shortages among the tribes. Myrick, who had a Native American wife, made the statement "Let them eat grass." in front of a group of Indians, traders, and other agents. His indifference to the hunger of the Indians, and the public nature of his comment were a major catalyst in the resulting Indian Rebellion. Myrick's body was discovered on the second day of the rebellion.
1868 French astronomer Pierre Jules César Janssen discovered helium.
1877 Asaph Hall discovered Martian moon Phobos.
1903 German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flew his self-made, motored gliding airplane four months before the first flight of the Wright Brothers. Gustave Whitehead claimed to have flown two years earlier than Jatho or the Wright Brothers.
|Washington DC during the National|
Cherry Blossom Festival
1909 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presented Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decided to plant near the Potomac River. In Japan he was known as 'the god of constituionalism' and 'the father of parliamentary government'. Those cherry tree seedlings became the basis for the famous Washington D.C. National Cherry Blossom Festival. First Lady Ladybird Johnson accepted an additional 3,800 trees in 1965.
1917 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroyed 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
1920 The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing women's suffrage with these words:
"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
1941 Adolf Hitler ordered a temporary halt to Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the handicapped due to protests.
1963 American civil rights movement: James Meredith became the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
1976 In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident resulted in the death of two US soldiers. The incident revolved around the trimming of a tree which blocked the view of the border between North and South Korea. North Korean forces attacked the American and South Korean maintenance crew and their escorts. North Korean soldiers attacked the soldiers performing the tree trimming maintenance, killing one and injuring the others. One soldier died from this attack. The soldiers fled back to their side of the DMZ, but one soldier became separated. The North Korean soldiers took turns attacking him with the axe that had been brought to trim the tree. The second soldier was rescued and later died of his axe-inflicted wounds. The incident was recorded by still photos and movie footage from the U.S. side of the DMZ.
1977 Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967 in King William's Town, South Africa. He later died of the injuries sustained during this arrest bringing attention to South Africa's apartheid policies.
2000 A Federal jury finds the US EPA guilty of discrimination against Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, later inspiring passage of the No FEAR Act.
2005 Dennis Rader was sentenced to 175 years in prison for the BTK serial killings in and around Wichita, Kansas. Rader killed ten people, and had intended to kill others. The letters BTK stand for 'bind', 'torture', and 'kill', Rader's modus operandi. Rader confessed to torturing animals as a child; as an adult criminal he collected souvenirs from his victims, in particular enjoying wearing the underwear of his female victims. He sent taunting letters to the police. DNA evidence from his daughter used to positively identify DNA from Rader taken from his victims helped convict him.
2005 A massive power blackout hit the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people. The cause was a failure of a transmission line which in turn caused a cascading failure of the majority of the electrical power grid.